The German Shepherd Dog

Veterinarian's German Shepherd

Xena is Dr. Debbie’s German Shepherd Dog.

One popular dog breed in the United States and among My Zoo’s team members is the German Shepherd Dog (GSD).   Both Dr. Debbie and Patti have GSDs.   In 2012, the GSD ranked number 2 in most popular breeds registered with the American Kennel Club.

 

Origins

German Shepherd Dogs are working dogs originally bred in Germany for herding sheep.  The breed was selectively bred for its intelligence, agility, strength, and sense of smell in the late 1890s and early 1900s.

 

Appearance

GSDs are large dogs and weigh around 50 to 90 pounds.   The GSD is characterized by a long muzzle with a black nose, erect ears, and brown eyes.  They can come in a variety of colors, but black and tan is the most common.  They have medium to long hair on their body and a bushy tail.   Their fur grows in a double coat, with an outer coat and a thick undercoat.  The outer coat sheds all year round.  To reduce the amount of fur shed in a home, GSDs should be brushed regularly.

 

Temperament

German Shepherds are highly intelligent, working dogs.   As such, German Shepherds need an outlet for their mental and physical energy.   Frequent walks or jogs with appropriate training are a must.  Owners of GSDs should be calm, but authoritative.  Without appropriate training and socialization, GSDs can become timid and bite out of fear.    German Shepherds can be wonderful with children, but they need consistent training and socialization.  As with any breed of dog of any size, we recommend ALWAYS monitoring children with dogs.   Additionally, children require education and training on how to handle and behave around dogs.

 

German Shepherds as working dogs

German Shepherds are used as working dogs (especially as police or military dogs). They can be trained for explosive detection, search and rescue, messenger dogs, drug detection, and as guide dogs.   Of course, in some areas they are still used for herding and protecting sheep.  Owners of GSDs are frequently involved with obedience training, agility, herding, and other sporting events.

 

Health issues

Inappropriate breeding has led to the German Shepherd breed having multiple hereditary diseases.   Hip dysplasia is of particular concern as it can lead to hip pain and arthritis.   They can also have digestive issues, allergies, and tumors.   When selecting a dog, it is important to purchase a puppy from a reputable breeder.  Of course, we also recommend looking at German Shepherd rescue groups if you are considering this breed.

 

Famous German Shepherds

Strongheart

Strongheart

Strongheart– This was an early canine star in the 1920s.   He helped contribute to the breed’s rise in popularity.

 

Rin Tin Tin

Rin Tin Tin

Rin Tin Tin – Rin Tin Tin is probably the most famous German Shepherds in the movies.    He was originally rescued from a World War I battlefield by an American Soldier, and he went on to star in 27 films.